The word banana is derived from the Arab word "banan" which means finger. Banana is the common name for herbaceous plants of the genus Musa and the fruits they produce. Bananas come in many different sizes and colors when ripe, including yellow, purple and red. Almost all modern edible bananas are parthenocarpic two wild species Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana. Scientists names are the banana Musa acuminata, Musa balbisiana or hybrid Musaacuminata x balbisiana, depending on their genome Constitution. The former scientific names Musa sapientum and Musa paradisiaca no longer used. Bananas are the staple starch of many tropical populations. Depending on cultivar and ripeness, the flesh can vary in taste sweet starch and texture of a firm paste. Both skin and the inside can be eaten raw or cooked. Bananas taste because, among other chemicals, isoamyl acetate, which is one of main components of banana oil. During the process of maturation, production of a hormone banana called ethylene, which indirectly affects the flavor. Other things, ethylene stimulates the formation of amylase, an enzyme that breaks down starch into sugar affects the taste of bananas. More green, less ripe bananas have a higher starch and therefore have a "floury" taste. On the other hand, the yellow bananas taste sweeter because the sugar increased concentrations. In addition, production of ethylene signal pectinase, an enzyme that breaks down pectin from banana cells, which the banana to sweeten as they ripen. Bananas are eaten fried, baked in skin, divided bamboo, or steamed glutinous rice wrapped in banana leaves. Bananas can be made into jam. Banana pancakes are very popular backpackers and travelers in South Asia and Southeast Asia. This induces the expression Banana Pancake Trail for them places in Asia that are directed at this group of travelers. Bananas snack chips made from dried slices of banana or fried or plantains, which are dark brown and strong banana taste. Dried bananas are also reasons for making banana flour. The juice extraction is difficult because the banana is compressed, it is simply the dough. Bananas of place, Philippine cuisine is a part of traditional cuisine and desserts like Maruya, nougat, and the halo halo.
Most of these dishes Use or saba banana variety Cardaba. goreng plantain, banana fried dough similar to maruya Filipino, is a popular dessert in Malaysia,Singapore and Indonesia. Head of the plate is known riders in the U.S. banana. Plantains are used for various stews and curries or cooked, baked or mashed in pretty much the same way as potatoes.
Seeded bananas, one of the precursors Common cultivated bananas sold in the markets of Indonesia. Heart of the banana is used as vegetables in Southeast Asia and Southeast Asian cuisine, raw or steamed with sauce cooked in soups and curries. The flavor reminds artichoke. Like artichokes, both the fleshy bracts and heart are edible. Mostly, banana leaves are large, flexible and watertight. Often used as food containers or disposable ecological Tiles in South Asia and in several countries of Southeast Asia. Especially in the southern India state of Tamil Nadu, Food is must be served in a banana leaf. Steamed with dishes that they give a subtle sweetness. They often serve as an endowment for the grill food. Magazines containing fruit juices, to protect food from burning and adds a subtle flavor. Banana plant's trunk is also used in South Asian and Southeast Asian cuisine, and notably in the Burmese dish mohinga. The banana plant has long been a source of high quality fibers textiles. Japan, the banana producing areas of clothing and household use dates back to at least the 13th century. In the Japanese system, leaves and shoots are cut from the plant periodically to ensure smoothness, shoots are harvested first boiled in clothing prepare fiber yarn do. These banana shoots produce fibers with different degrees of softness, from yarn and textiles with different properties for specific purposes. For example, outer fibers of the shoots are thicker and suitable for tablecloths, while the fibers are softer intimate desirable for kimono and kamishimo. This traditional Japanese fabric-making process requires many steps, all done by hand. Nepal In a trunk is harvested instead, small and the parts are subjected to a softening process, mechanical pulp extraction, bleaching and drying. Subsequently, the fibers will be sent and the Kathmandu Valley for use in a structure similar to silk carpets. These rugs are woven of banana fiber in traditional Nepalese hand-nodes in the methods, and sold Rugmark certificates. In the southern state of Tamil Nadu, after the harvest of fruits, frame is made of a thin wire used to make garlands of flowers instead of wire. Banana fiber is also used in the production of banana paper. Banana paper used in two different senses: to refer to a document made from the bark of the banana plant, mainly used for artistic purposes, or banana fiber paper, obtained industrial process of the tribe and non-usable fruit. The same card can be either trade or industrial process.
Health Benefits : Not only are bananas rich in vitamin C, they also contain potassium. Potassium is a mineral that helps build muscle and protein synthesis. This is done as potassium stimulates nerve impulses for muscle contraction. A diet rich in potassium are said to reduce the risk of hypertension and stroke. Because bananas are sodium free and very rich in potassium, they may be included in the diet to reduce the risk of high blood pressure. Bananas contain three natural sugars, sucrose, fructose and glucose combined with fiber. A banana gives an instant, and therefore boost of energy. It also contains Vitamin B6, which helps the synthesis of the immune system, in addition to the formation of red blood cell antibodies, protein metabolism and central nervous system function. No other fruits contain more indigestible carbohydrates than bananas. It is an advantage because the body burns calories from carbohydrates easier and faster than the calories of fat or protein. Bananas can help treat ulcers. This is because they are of a soft texture but they also reduce acidity. Iron content of bananas also helps to supplement red blood cells. Since the orderly movement of fluids and nutrients throughout the body in the blood is one of the most refreshing aspects of the individual cells, the banana is to determine the most important things in our system, it fights aging. Other banana nutrition facts are that their high fiber content which aids the digestion and provides essential nutrients for absorbing it. The fibers can also work to create a balance in the colon to regulate both diarrhea and constipation. The Complex sugar which banana contains also helps working in the intestines to feed the beneficial bacteria, which increases absorption of calcium from bones and maintains strong control diseases as osteoporosis.
An aminoacid, Tryptophan is found in bananas. It improves mood and serotonin has also a good effect on brain cells which is related to appetite, sleep, memory and regulation of body temperature. Potassium level in banana is high that is why it normalize the heartbeat and regulates the water balance in our body. Our Potassium level in body depleted during stress so with a banana we can re-balance this level.
It is good to say that "Two bananas a day take you from worry away".