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Coffee

Coffee is one of the most popular beverages in the world. It's a regular part of the day for millions of  people, and it's the first thing some people look for right after they wake up.Some people like to brew their coffee at home. Others simply rely on a coffee shops.Coffee is a popular brewed drink prepared from roasted seeds called coffee beans, of the coffee plant. They are seeds of coffee cherries that grow on trees in over 70 countries. Green unroasted coffee is one of the most traded agricultural commodities in the world. Due to its caffeine content, coffee often has a stimulating effect on humans. The energizing effect of the coffee bean plant is thought to have been discovered in the northeast region of Ethiopia, and the cultivation of coffee first expanded in the Arab world.The earliest credible evidence of coffee drinking appears in the middle of the fifteenth century, in the Sufi monasteries of Yemen in southern Arabia. From the Muslim world, coffee spread to Italy, then to the rest of Europe, to Indonesia, and to the Americas.There are several legendary accounts of the origin of the drink itself.One account involves the Yemenite Sufi mystic.When traveling in Ethiopia, the legend goes, he observed birds of unusual vitality, and, upon trying the berries that the birds had been eating, experienced the same vitality. Another story involves a goat-herd, Kaldi, who, noticing the energizing effects when his flock nibbled on the bright red berries of a certain bush, chewed on the fruit himself.His exhilaration prompted him to bring the berries to a Muslim holy man in a nearby monastery.But the holy man disapproved of their use and threw them into the fire, from which an enticing aroma billowed. The roasted beans were quickly raked from the embers, ground up, and dissolved in hot water, yielding the world's first cup of coffee.
Coffee has played a crucial role in many societies throughout history. In Africa and Yemen, it was used in religious ceremonies. The Ethiopian Church banned its secular consumption . It was banned in Ottoman Turkey during the 17th century for political reasons,and was associated with rebellious political activities in Europe. Coffee can be prepared and presented in a variety of ways.
coffee
An important export commodity, coffee was the top agricultural export for twelve countries in 2004,and it was the world's seventh largest legal agricultural export by value in 2005. Many studies have examined the relationship between coffee consumption and certain medical conditions; whether the overall effects of coffee are ultimately positive or negative has been widely disputed. The method of brewing coffee has been found to be important to its health effects.Coffee is usually propagated by seeds. The traditional method of planting coffee is to put 20 seeds in each hole at the beginning of the rainy season; half are eliminated naturally. Another effective method of growing coffee, used in Brazil, is to raise seedlings in nurseries that are then planted outside at six to twelve months. Coffee is often inter-cropped with , corn, beans, or rice during the first few years of cultivation.
Scientific studies have examined the relationship between coffee consumption and an array of medical conditions. Findings have been contradictory as to whether coffee has any specific health benefits, and results are similarly conflicting regarding the potentially harmful effects of coffee consumption.Variations in findings, however, can be at least partially resolved by considering the method of preparation. Coffee prepared using
paper filters removes oily components called diterpenes that are present in unfiltered coffee. Two types of diterpenes are present in coffee: kahweol and cafestol, both of which have been associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease via elevation of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) levels in blood. Metal filters, on the other hand, do not remove the oily components of coffee.
The most popular types of coffee are:
  • caffè (espresso) : It is a small cup of very strong coffee, i.e., espresso.
  • caffè Americano : It is American-style coffee, but stronger, served in a large cup.
  • caffè doppio : It is double espresso.
  • caffè freddo : It is iced coffee.
  • caffè Hag : It is decaffeinated coffee.
  • caffè latte : It is hot milk mixed with coffee and served in a glass.
  • caffè macchiato : It is espresso "stained" with a drop of steamed milk and is small version of a cappuccino.
  • caffè marocchino : It is espresso with hot milk and cacao powder.
  • cappuccino : It is espresso infused with steamed milk and drunk in the morning .
  • granita di caffè con panna : It is frozen, iced beverage (with ice shavings) and it is topped with whipped cream.
How to make Cappuccino?
Ingredients:
  • water:½ coffee cup
  • freshly ground coffee:2-3 level tbsp
  • skimmed milk:1½ coffee cups
  • chocolate powder, to garnish
Method:
Mix sugar (as you like) in the milk and thoroughly heat it in the microwave oven. Pour the milk in a blender and blend till it changes into a thick layer of froth. Now brew the coffee till it is strong, and fill only 3/4 of your cup with coffee. Pour in the frothy milk and sugar mixture. Garnish the drink with some chocolate.

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