Coffee has played a crucial role in many societies throughout history. In Africa and Yemen, it was used in religious ceremonies. The Ethiopian Church banned its secular consumption . It was banned in Ottoman Turkey during the 17th century for political reasons,and was associated with rebellious political activities in Europe. Coffee can be prepared and presented in a variety of ways.
Scientific studies have examined the relationship between coffee consumption and an array of medical conditions. Findings have been contradictory as to whether coffee has any specific health benefits, and results are similarly conflicting regarding the potentially harmful effects of coffee consumption.Variations in findings, however, can be at least partially resolved by considering the method of preparation. Coffee prepared using
paper filters removes oily components called diterpenes that are present in unfiltered coffee. Two types of diterpenes are present in coffee: kahweol and cafestol, both of which have been associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease via elevation of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) levels in blood. Metal filters, on the other hand, do not remove the oily components of coffee.
The most popular types of coffee are:
- caffè (espresso) : It is a small cup of very strong coffee, i.e., espresso.
- caffè Americano : It is American-style coffee, but stronger, served in a large cup.
- caffè doppio : It is double espresso.
- caffè freddo : It is iced coffee.
- caffè Hag : It is decaffeinated coffee.
- caffè latte : It is hot milk mixed with coffee and served in a glass.
- caffè macchiato : It is espresso "stained" with a drop of steamed milk and is small version of a cappuccino.
- caffè marocchino : It is espresso with hot milk and cacao powder.
- cappuccino : It is espresso infused with steamed milk and drunk in the morning .
- granita di caffè con panna : It is frozen, iced beverage (with ice shavings) and it is topped with whipped cream.
- water:½ coffee cup
- freshly ground coffee:2-3 level tbsp
- skimmed milk:1½ coffee cups
- chocolate powder, to garnish
Mix sugar (as you like) in the milk and thoroughly heat it in the microwave oven. Pour the milk in a blender and blend till it changes into a thick layer of froth. Now brew the coffee till it is strong, and fill only 3/4 of your cup with coffee. Pour in the frothy milk and sugar mixture. Garnish the drink with some chocolate.